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Second Conference of the Black Sea Project

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Constanţa, 27 May – 1 June 2014

The Economic and Social Development of the Port-Cities of the Western Black Sea Coast, Late 18th – Beginning of the 20th century

Ionian University and Institute for Mediterranean Studies/FORTH
in collaboration with:
Ovidius University of Constanţa,
The Lower Danube University of Galaţi,
The Maritime Museum of Constanţa
The National Archives of Romania, Constanţa Branch and
The Bulgarian State Archives / Regional State Archive-Varna


The Second Conference of the Black Sea Project, The Economic and Social Development of the Port–Cities of the Northern Black Sea Coast, Late 18th – Beginning of the 20th century will take place in Constanţa in late May 2014 (27 May – 1 June). The sessions of the conference will take place in the Faculty of History and Political Science of the Ovidius University of Constanţa. The sessions will be followed by a two days scientific visit to Varna.

The project “The Black Sea and its port-cities from the 18th to the 20th century. Development, convergence and linkages with the global economy” is included in the Thalis Programme “Reinforcement of the Interdisciplinary and/or inter-institutional Research and Innovation” of the operational action “Education and Life Long Learning” which is co-sponsored by the E.U. and the Greek Min-istry of Education.

The aim of the conference is to present the results of the research in the project and to present papers related to its themes. The project seeks the identification, analysis and synthesis of the economic and social development of 20 port-cities of the Black Sea that formed an integrated market that became the larger grain-exporting area in the world in the nineteenth century until the beginning of the twentieth century. By placing in the centre of the analysis the sea and its ports, the analysis penetrates in the economic activities of the port-cities, the coastal area and the hinterland, the integration of markets and their inter-linkages with the global economy, beyond political boundaries and divisions. The linkages with the global economy triggered development and convergence of regional markets. Papers are related to the subject of the project along the following six axes:
  1. The Black Sea as a unit of research. Marine environment and six port systems
  2. Six maritime regions. Economic and social development of twenty port-cities.
  3. The form of the cities. City-planning and architecture
  4. Macro-analysis. Formation of macro-economic statistical series. Comparison with world economy.
  5. Micro-analysis. Entrepreneurial elites and major Greek business families
  6. Linkages with the Mediterranean and the Atlantic

The papers in the Conference will focus on the port-cities of the Western Black Sea (Romanian and Bulgarian) and will be based both on new archival sources and related analytic and synthetic approaches that draw upon the documentation presented and critical approaches to bibliography, published works and historiography.

The working language of the conference will be basically English, yet papers in Romanian and Bulgarian will also be presented accompanied by an extended summary and detailed Power Point presentation in English.

For more information please write to: (Member of the Scientific Research Group for Romania) (Thalis Scientific Director of the Research in Bulgaria)

The Organising Committee:

Professor Gelina Harlaftis (project coordinator, Ionian University)
Andreas Lyberatos (Institute for Mediterranean Studies/FORTH)
Constantin Ardeleanu (Lower Danube University of Galaţi)
Emanuel Plopeanu (Ovidius University of Constanţa)


Dr Alexandra Papadopoulou (Researcher, Ionian University)
Maria Konstantinidi (Researcher, Ionian University)
Κοstas Karalis (Administrator, Ionian University)

Conference schedule

Tuesday 27/5

Registration 17.00-20.00

Wednesday 28/5

09.30 – 10.00 Welcoming remarks from Gelina Harlaftis, project coordinator and Emanuel Plopeanu, Constantin Ardeleanu and Andreas Lyberatos, local organizers

10.00 – 11.30

Session I – The Black Sea and its port–cities as a unit of academic research
Chair: Emanuel Plopeanu

1. Gelina Harlaftis (Ionian University)
The Black Sea project – the ongoing research

2. Panayotis Kapetanakis (Greenwich Maritime Institute / University of Greenwich and Institute of Historical Research / N.H.R.F.)
The Black Sea: a new diplomatic and economic challenge to the First British Empire (1760–1802)

3. Alexandra Papadopoulou, Socrates Petmezas, George Kostelenos (Bocconi University/ Ionian University)
Studying the economic development of the Black Sea in the long 19th century: The case of the Danubian port-cities

11.30 – 12.00 Coffee break

12.00 – 13.30
Session II – The city and the space
Chair: Constantin Ardeleanu

1. Vassilis Colonas (University of Thessaly)
The architectural expression of Greeks in Romania (19th – 20th centuries)

2. Alexandra Yerolympou, Athina Vitopoulou (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)
Dynamics of change and spatial development of the Black Sea port cities. Formulating hypotheses, comparing perspectives

3. Vassilis Tselentis (University of Piraeus)
Environmental Considerations pertinent to Port Development and Fisheries in the Black Sea

13.30 – 15.00 Lunch

15.00 – 17.00
Session III – The evolution of Bulgarian port–cities during the 19th century
Chair: Gelina Harlaftis

1. Ivan Roussev (University of Economics, Varna)
The Black Sea port–city on the road of modernization. The first modern attempts in Varna during the 1840s – 1870s

2. Martin Ivanov (Institute of Historical Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences)
The Economic and Social Development of Bulgarian Port–Cities: A Macro Analysis, 1880s – 1914

3. Andreas Lyberatos (Institute for Mediterranean Studies / FORTH)
The Greeks of Varna: aspects of political and social demography

4. Vangelis Kechriotis and Ekin Mahmuzlu
The Ottoman archives as a source of information for the ports of the South-western coast of the Black Sea

Thursday 29 May

09.30 – 11.00
Session IV – Trade and shipping at the mouths of the Danube
Chair: Vassilis Tselentis

1. Cristian Luca (The Lower Danube University of Galaţi, Istituto di Cultura e Ricerca Umanistica, Venice)
Venice's Consul at Kherson Pietro Maria Locatelli’s reports about the international trade in the North–Western Black Sea Ports (1793–1797)

2. Andrei Emilciuc (The Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova)
The commerce of Galaţi and Brăila in the reports of Russian officials from the Sulina Quarantine in the 1840s

3. Dimitrios M. Kontogeorgis (University of Athens)
“International” and “National” ports. The competition between the ports of Brăila / Galaţi and Constanţa during 1878–1914

11.00 – 11.30 Coffee break

11.30 – 13.30
Session V – Title The evolution of Romanian port–cities during the 19th century
Chair: Andreas Lyberatos

1. Constantin Ardeleanu (The Lower Danube University of Galaţi)
The economic development of Romanian port-cities. 1829–1914

2. Mariana Cojoc (Ovidius University of Constanţa)
Highlights of historical times. The port–city of Constanţa at the end of the 19th century

3. Constantin Cheramidoglu (The National Archives of Romania, Constanţa Branch)
Aspects regarding the economic life in Constanţa (1878–1914)

4. Thanos Pallis, Maria Lekakou, Aimilia Papachristou & Evaggelia Stefanidaki (Research in Shipping and Ports Laboratory/Department of Shipping, Trade & Transport, Aegean University)
Costanza Port: Serving the city and the national economy in post-1989 times

13.30-15.00 Lunch

15.00 – 19.00 Guided tour to the port of Constanţa

Friday 30/5

08.30 Departure to Varna
11:00-13:00 Visit to the Regional Archives-Varna,
13:00-14:00 Lunch
14:00- 16:00 Visit to the Museum of History of the city of Varna
16:00- 19:00 Guided tour in the historical part of the city.
19:00 Dinner

Saturday 31/5

9:00- 11:00 Guided tour to the old part of the city of Varna and the port.
11:30 Departure for Balchik
13:00-14:00 Visit to the Historical Museum of Balchik
14:00-15:00 Lunch
15:-17:00 Guided tour in the historical parts of the port-city of Balchik
19.00 Return to Constanţa

Sunday 1/6

Departure of participants